Biography & Net Worth: How African countries deal with the COVID-19 pandemic

credit: Imperial College London

The impact of a pandemic on the African continent varies due to the fact that African countries are not on the same level. For example, low-income countries have the highest burden of infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS, and there are also cultural differences that influence vaccine hesitancy.

The implementation of social distancing measures has not been consistently implemented in African countries, as some communities remain in great poverty. Access to vaccines is a problem facing the continent, as thousands of citizens are not officially enrolled or have easy access to medical care.

Although each African country has its own problems, dealing with COVID-19 cases on the continent is also a global problem, as Western countries contribute to the equitable distribution of vaccines. Various suppliers continue to be used through the African Vaccine Acquisition Task Force (AVATT), with international support to ensure fair distribution of vaccines.

Sharon Obahor scrutinizes three African countries and describes how they have dealt with the pandemic and vaccine deployment to date.

South Africa

  • Reported cases: 2,963,679
  • Reported deaths: 90,079

South Africa was one of the countries that implemented a strict blockade in the early days of the pandemic. The South African government has used its knowledge to combat the coronavirus pandemic through previous public health campaigns targeting epidemics of diseases such as HIV/AIDS.

But the blockade is with vulnerable members of the South African community. The deployment of the vaccine was initially very successful, with South Africa achieving a larger dose before other countries and COVAX’s agreement on additional doses, but faced difficulties. These include vaccines that must be destroyed because they cannot be distributed before they expire, and public concerns that affect vaccination programs. Currently, despite an adequate supply of vaccines, deployment is slow, mainly due to the following reasons: vaccine disputes, delays in distribution to avoid wasting government vaccines.

The beta variant of the virus was first detected in South Africa. However, that doesn’t mean that’s where it first happened. The country has some of Africa’s most developed testing and sequencing facilities to track and sequence new forms of SARS-CoV-2 from positive cases in the event of an unexpected increase in numbers. What can we do. It also meant that South Africa was one of the first countries to warn about the new Omicron variant following a surge in cases.

Professor Faith Oci, Executive Director of the Imperial Institute for Human Immunology, said: [the Omicron variant] Identified and sequestered in South Africa, the region’s population is suffering without vaccines, and new widespread travel restrictions are pushing livelihoods even further. This vicious cycle continues. You can’t keep it away. As nationalism prevails, the call to action seems to be unheard. Vaccines are stored and unfortunately even wasted, but poor countries still face dire needs. ,

Researchers such as the Imperial Global Center for Infectious Disease Analysis and the Jameel Institute are collaborating with South African scientists to analyze new omicron variants and the risks they pose.

Nigeria

  • Reported cases: 214,113
  • Reported deaths: 2,977

Despite being considered a high-risk country due to population growth, Nigeria has dealt with the pandemic fairly well, with past public health campaigns such as the use of touchless thermometers during the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Growth. Populous African countries are dealing with outbreaks of COVID-19, along with infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria.

The Central Bank of Nigeria has taken steps to address the financial difficulties caused by the pandemic. A total of 50 billion naira has been budgeted to support low-income households and local businesses. However, the effectiveness of this initiative is unclear.

Nigeria initially used the AstraZeneca vaccine, but ease of vaccination was an important issue, and the country shifted its focus to single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccines. In Nigeria, concerns about cases and vaccines not made available to all citizens apply due to the conflict caused by the Boko Haram insurgency in the northeastern part of the country.

In September 2021, the Nigerian government received a $400 million credit from the World Bank’s board of directors for additional funding to obtain and deploy a COVID-19 vaccine domestically. Nigeria’s COVID-19 response program procures an affordable COVID-19 vaccine for 18% (40 million) of Nigeria’s population and an effective vaccine for 50% (110 million) of its citizens. Enhanced to support deployment.

Uganda

  • Reported cases: 127,523
  • Reported deaths: 3,258

Many African countries have benefited early in the pandemic due to their relatively young populations. However, during the summer Uganda was badly hit by the delta version of the virus, and many hospitals faced a full ward. This does not reflect the true state of the Ugandan pandemic, as the number of hospitalizations has declined again, and thousands or thousands of other COVID-19 patients are seeking herbal remedies at home. was considered. Avoid high hospital charges.

Vaccine deployment also needs attention due to the fact that strict travel restrictions are in place and many people do not have the means to travel to vaccination sites. How are they themselves, Dr. Benjamin Pierce, Operations Manager, Imperial Future Vaccine Manufacturing Research Hub? The trial was shattered by the vaccination blockade. “The blockade was unusual in Uganda at the beginning of the pandemic. It was more stringent and more closely monitored than many neighboring countries. ,

Dr. Pierce says that vaccines have started arriving in the country from various sources, including China, the United States and the United Kingdom, but they were too late. “The government is still focusing on priority groups first, falling short of the target of fully immunizing 10% of the population by the end of 2021. By October 2021. Due to low or no access to the population About 1% were vaccinated twice. For the majority of the population. Thankfully the pace of rollout was accelerated by November 2021.”

The MRC Center for COVID-19 Case and Mortality Data Global Infectious Disease Analysis Status Report is accurate as of December 14, 2021.


Officials say Omicron has been identified in nine African countries


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