Biography & Net Worth: Studies show that “angry” bees have a more powerful and medically valuable poison

studies show that

Credits: Wikimedia Commons

Moving on to Angry Birds – Western Australian scientists have discovered that “aggressive” bees produce more potent and medically valuable venom.

Bee venom contains proteins with anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial properties. It has been used for many years in medical and cosmetic products such as creams and skin care products to relieve joint and muscle pain.

Currently, WA research is investigating how environmental factors affect the toxic composition of bees. The goal is to develop a consistent and proven product for the profitable bee venom market.

stab like a bee

Removing bee venom without harming the bees is a difficult task. Surrounded by a cavity at the end of its abdomen, its needles are connected to the three lower abdominal segments by a delicate membrane.

When a bee stings, it pierces the skin with a barbed needle to inject the venom. This behavior greatly tears up the bee’s gastrointestinal tract and venom glands.

Dr. Daniela Scacabrozzi is a pollinator biologist and ecologist at Curtin University and ChemCenter. She was part of a research team, working with commercial exhibitors, to explore how diet and lifestyle affect the amount and potency of bee venom.

Topics about bee venom

To collect the venom, he placed an electrified plate inside the zoo. It blinked a low voltage, the bees responded by stabbing. The surface of the plate was made of glass. Instead of tearing the bee needles off the body, the remains remained on the surface. Thus, the bees were intact.

“The venom is fairly stable,” Daniela says. “The protein doesn’t change its structure and dries faster, but we put it in the freezer and treated it with no contamination.”

The crystallized white powder is collected, dissolved and purified. It breaks down into fragments called peptides. Therefore liquid chromatography separates proteins by size. The peptide evaporates and is emitted by an electron beam, changing its charge. A process called mass spectrometry tells researchers the mass-to-charge ratio of each peptide. It acts like a barcode to identify the peptide.

Bee needles are attached to the abdomen and after stabbing the bees bite. credit: UC Riverside

Contains 99 proteins

The team identified 99 different proteins in samples of bee venom collected from a colony between Chitling and Harvey. This is more than three times that of the 30 individual proteins previously identified. Bees that behave aggressively and stingy have more complex behaviors. Protein-abundant poison.

“At higher temperatures, the bees didn’t produce as much venom, and the obedient bees didn’t, but other control factors like diet didn’t really affect the amount of venom,” Daniela said. Say. “The duration of flowering affected the proteins present.”

It may come as a surprise that western bees understand venom so little. Domesticated seeds 9000 years ago, breed them to be more obedient.

incredible potential

When a bee stings, the proteins phospholipase and melittin combine to cause pain and swelling. When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, antibacterial peptide treatment can help fight off the super bug.

There are no approved clinical uses for bee venom, but the research is promising. It has shown promising results in the treatment of neurological problems like Alzheimer’s disease, meanwhile WA researchers have shown that it can kill aggressive breast cancer cells.

According to one study, bee venom can also be used as follows: Potential SARS-CoV-2 treatment.. However, more research is needed in this area, and vaccines are still the most effective for preventing serious infections. are the way.

In the early days, bee venom can be beneficial to beekeepers. Bee venom beekeepers get up to $300 per gram compared to $4 per kilogram with honey. And it goes without saying that pesticides, global warming and land reclamation are affecting honey production around the world.

So where does this leave us? Daniela says there is more to do. “We need to understand how to shape the composition, optimize the crop, and scale it up so that the production is truly reliable and beneficial to human health,” says Daniela.


Angry bees produce better venom


This article first appeared on Particle, the Cytec-based science news website in Perth, Australia. Read the original work.

CitationAccording to a survey: “Angry” bees are more powerful, obtained on December 14, 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-12-angry-bees-potent-medicinally-valuable.html. Valuable Poison (December 14, 2021) in

This document is subject to copyright. No part may be reproduced without written permission, except in reasonable transactions for personal investigation or research purposes. The content is provided for informational purposes only.

Source link Studies show that “angry” bees have more potent and medically valuable venom