Emanuele Macaluso Death – Fans and Family mourns the death of an Italian politician , trade unionist and journalist Emanuele Macaluso. He died on January 19, 2020.
Emanuele Macaluso Born into a family of modest economic conditions (his father was a railway worker and his mother was a housewife), he studied at the Sebastiano Mottura Mining Institute in Caltanissetta, which has now become Its Mottura scientific and technological high school. In 1941 he clandestinely joined the Communist Party of Italy.
Very young he took part in the Sicilian trade union movement, becoming general secretary of the Caltanissetta Chamber of Labor in 1944. From 1947 until 1956 Macaluso was regional secretary of the largest national trade union, the CGIL, and again in 1947 he participated in the “I CGIL Unitary Congress” held in June in Florence.
Emanuele Macaluso is still Unknown. We learnt about his death through social media posts. He died at the age of 96 years old.
Italian Communist Party veteran Emanuele Macaluso has died aged 96.
Former trade unionist, member of the PCI's "right-wing", he joined the party's Central committee with P.Togliatti, served with L.Longo and Enrico Berlinguer.
Was editor-in-chief of l'Unità in the 80's.#19gennaio pic.twitter.com/QbnCfAbdNz
— ANPI Brescia centro (@ANPIBsCarmine) January 19, 2021
Until the last Emanuele Macaluso, who died last night at the age of 96, he kept a curious gaze on the world. He was surprisingly on point. Even last week, from the hospital bed, he was asking about the government crisis. Politics was his damnation. “And what about the newspaper?” He asked in a faint voice. He had a heart problem at Christmas, which seemed to be resolved, but the night before he left the clinic he had fallen. I encouraged him to hold on. “What do you want, I’m almost a hundred years old,” he replied succinctly. That everything was about to end annoyed him. He had loved life very much, faced with the same gusto with which one bites into an apple. “I want to go away in my sleep,” he added.
Every morning he woke up at six, read the packet of newspapers bought at the newsstand in the square of Testaccio, then, after the walk along the Lungotevere, he dictated the handwritten comment on the kitchen table to the former journalist of the Unit Sergio Sergi. Sergi materially posted it on the Facebook page Em. But in italics. A successful column. Macaluso, however, did not care about the feedback. He didn’t even have a computer. “If I don’t write my thoughts I feel like I’m dying,” he once told me, sitting in the living room of the small apartment cluttered with books. “Togliatti once explained to me: a politician who does not write is a politician halved”. The first piece came out in 1942 on the Unitthen clandestine: a denunciation of the working conditions of the Nissen sulfur miners. Macaluso was 18 years old.
Yet, in the season finale, he could above all look back. Just talk about the past. He had crossed the twentieth century as if in a novel. Great public responsibilities from a very young age: head of the Sicilian CGIL at 23, leader of the regional deputies of the PCI at 28, with whom he conceived the controversial Milazzo operation, parliamentarian for seven legislatures, director of the Unit, personal friend of Napolitano, Berlinguer, Guttuso, Sciascia, Di Vittorio. At sixteen he escaped tuberculosis by a miracle. In the 1940s he ended up in prison for adultery. In 1960 he was a fugitive for eight months in a farmhouse in the Modenese area because according to the law of the time, the children he had from Lina, an “already married woman”, could not be his, after a complaint from the DC, which thus thought of putting him offside. Great loves, but also terrible pains. One of his companions, in 1966, killed herself by jumping out of a window after he had left her. “It was Alessandro Natta who gave me the news while I was in Florence preparing a congress. I spent months in hell”. A son, Pompeo, a very good historian, passed away at the age of 65 for a stroke five years ago. In those months Emanuele stopped writing.
It was the expression of a generation made of wire and iron, forged in social struggles on the ground. Have you ever been afraid of dying? “Sometimes. With Girolamo Li Causi in September 1944 we went to Villalba, one of the feuds of the mafia, to challenge the boss Calogero Vizzini and they shot at us ”. It took a lot of guts, in the years of Portella della Ginestra and the bandit’s separatism, to make opposition in Sicily, having as adversaries the agrarians linked to the Cosa Nostra. Macaluso, as head of the union, beat the island inch by inch, occupied the lands in the area of influence of Genco Russo, led the peasants in the occupation of the fiefdoms, opened sections of the party everywhere. “There is no country in which he did not hold a meeting, once with Calogero Boccadutri, the head of the clandestine PCI in Caltanissetta, we went to Riesi for fifty kilometers on foot. With thirty-six trade unionists killed, the fight against the mafia was not at that time to talk ”. These experiences, sometimes extreme, his being always in the heart of the civil and social battle, represented a deposit of knowledge that made him, in these years of political crisis, an old man to be consulted often. An amazing mixture of rough humanity and analytical clarity. The older he got, the sharper his gaze became, especially on the present. He read all the time. Mining expert had always had an inferiority complex towards culture, a gap that he had tried to fill by literally devouring all the classics. For those of his generation, politics was nourished by studies, books. Until’
His acquaintance with Palmiro Togliatti dates back to the immediate post-war period: “He passed for a cold man, but he was above all shy”. She took him on a train journey with him to Moscow. So Togliatti called him to his secretariat in 1963. Macaluso was already someone. In Rome, years later, he shared the room of Botteghe Oscure, the headquarters of the PCI, with Enrico Berlinguer. “He was capable of not saying a single word for hours: I was the only one to whom he confided that the ’73 road accident in Bulgaria was an attack”. Despite having criticized, with Giorgio Napolitano, the historical compromise with the DC, in April 1982 Berlinguer entrusted him with the rehabilitation of the Unit: the newspaper still sold 150 thousand copies, but was full of debt. Macaluso rejuvenated it: he introduced stock exchange lists, discovered Staino and satire, increased the dose of controversy, continuing to sign his italics with the acronym Emma, an invention that is due to Giorgio Frasca Polara. When, in June 1984, Berlinguer died, it was Macaluso’s turn to make the headlines on the first page: that “Tutti”, released the day after the funeral, is history.
The anti-mafia commitment, but from guaranteed positions, the primacy of politics as a guiding star, but tinged with heretical positions: Macaluso was both disciplined and libertarian, inside and outside the great communist church. It was lashing, harsh, difficult to handle, more reminiscent of public events than private ones. He was an intelligent and free nuisance, because he could be asked all the questions. While feeling a stranger to this time, he continued to investigate its contradictions. The crisis of the left, to which he had dedicated his life, troubled him. His morning italics, even in the hasty tweet season, were flashes of intelligence.