BEIJING – Kamila Valieva was headed again on the Olympic ice on the Beijing Video games for the person competitors Tuesday, hours after particulars of her authorized protection in a doping case have been revealed.
Legal professionals for the 15-year-old Russian skater argued contamination from coronary heart treatment her grandfather was taking brought on the optimistic check in a pattern taken weeks earlier than the Olympics opened.
The argument was made on the Courtroom of Arbitration for Sport listening to late Sunday evening, in line with IOC member Denis Oswald, a veteran sports activities lawyer and decide in earlier Russian doping circumstances.
Oswald confirmed attorneys for Valieva “introduced components that introduced some doubts about her guilt” — an element which helped persuade the three CAS judges to let her proceed to compete on the Olympics.
Valieva is favored so as to add the Olympic title Thursday to the group gold she gained with the Russians final week. Neither medal will likely be introduced in Beijing by the IOC as a result of the Olympic physique is ready for the longer-term investigation of her doping case to play out.
Right here’s a have a look at what we learn about Valieva’s authorized points.
WHAT IS THE DRUG?
Trimetazidine is a metabolic agent that may assist stop angina assaults if used as an “add-on remedy,” in line with the European Medicines Company.
It will probably improve blood stream effectivity and enhance endurance — each essential to any high-end athletic efficiency.
The European company advisable in 2012 that medical doctors now not prescribe trimetazidine for “tinnitus, vertigo and visual-field disturbances.”
It’s on the prohibited checklist managed by the World Anti-Doping Company within the class of “hormone and metabolic modulators.”
DOES IT WORK?
The drug exhibits a small enchancment in train tolerance for older sufferers who have already got extreme coronary heart illness, medical doctors in Russia instructed The Related Press.
“The drugs wasn’t, after all, examined on athletes, and it wasn’t designed for athletes,” mentioned Dr. Anton Rodionov, a outstanding heart specialist in Moscow.
Alexei Erlikh, head of cardiac ICU at Moscow Hospital No. 29, mentioned trimetazidine was as soon as closely promoted within the nation by a producer so “its use in Russia is catastrophically enormous.”
The impact of the drug on wholesome folks — like a 15-year-old elite athlete — is prone to be “smaller than small,” Rodionov mentioned.
“However however, we perceive that high-achieving athletes are preventing for each millisecond, for each 0.0001%, believing, as some say, that each speck of mud is a vitamin tablet,” Rodionov mentioned.
PREVIOUS DOPING CASES
Probably the most well-known case of trimetazidine in sports activities doping concerned Chinese language swimmer Solar Yang.
The three-time Olympic champion served a three-month ban in 2014 in a ruling that was printed by China’s anti-doping company solely when it was over.
That was Solar’s first doping offense. He was punished extra severely for his second, and extra high-profile, offense of refusing to cooperate with a pattern assortment group at his dwelling in China.
Russian bobsledder Nadezhda Sergeeva examined optimistic for trimetazidine on the 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics. She was disqualified from the two-woman bob occasion and served an eight-month ban. Sergeeva is again on the Beijing Olympics and positioned tenth in monobob on Monday.
WHEN DID VALIEVA TEST POSITIVE?
Valieva gained the ladies’s particular person occasion on the Russian nationwide championships on Dec. 25 in St. Petersburg.
The urine pattern taken that day by the Russian anti-doping company, referred to as RUSADA, was despatched to a WADA-authorized laboratory in Sweden. Russia doesn’t have its personal accredited lab. The discredited Moscow operation was shut down after Russia’s state-backed doping scandal broke in 2015.
When Valieva’s pattern was despatched and when it arrived in Stockholm has not but been said publicly.
The turmoil on the Olympics got here as a result of the Stockholm lab didn’t flag up the optimistic check till Feb. 7, hours after Valieva’s standout skate in group occasion helped the Russians take gold.
In protection of its lab, WADA has mentioned Russian officers didn’t label the batch of samples as a excessive precedence for evaluation so near the Winter Video games. Solely precedence checks have been being dealt with whereas the lab was short-staffed throughout a January wave of COVID-19 circumstances.
WHO IS HANDLING THE CASE?
The authorized course of in Beijing turned one of many greatest tales of the Olympics.
RUSADA is chargeable for the pre-Olympic pattern and was obliged to impose a provisional ban on Valieva. That was accomplished final Tuesday, and lifted sooner or later later when an enchantment on Valieva’s behalf was upheld by a RUSADA disciplinary panel.
That triggered appeals by the IOC, WADA and the Worldwide Skating Union to the Courtroom of Arbitration for Sport’s particular Olympic operation in Beijing. They requested for a brand new interim ban, which might successfully finish the Olympics for Valieva.
After an almost six-hour listening to via Sunday evening, the victory for Valieva was introduced Monday afternoon.
A full doping investigation of the doping case will likely be prosecuted by RUSADA and embody Valieva’s entourage. WADA is watching carefully and might enchantment in opposition to any Russian verdict.
The probably path is one other listening to at CAS in Lausanne, Switzerland, with a distinct panel of three judges. That will take not less than a number of months to stage.
Solely when the method is over at CAS will there be readability for the results of Valieva’s occasions in Beijing and who will get the medals. An additional enchantment on slim procedural grounds can be potential at Switzerland’s supreme court docket, additionally in Lausanne.
AGE IS A FACTOR
Valieva’s age can provide her exemptions and leniency as a “protected individual” within the World Anti-Doping Code.
An investigation of “athlete help personnel” is necessary when a protected athlete is implicated in a doping case.
If doping is confirmed, a 15-year-old athlete like Valieva faces a most two-year ban as an alternative of 4. The minimal sanction isn’t any ban and a reprimand “relying on the protected … athlete’s diploma of fault.”
Litvinova contributed from Moscow.
Extra AP Winter Olympics: https://apnews.com/hub/winter-olympics and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports
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